Masks, hoʻomaopopo iā ia ma o nā kūlana

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I kēia manawa, ua hoʻomaka kahi kaua kūʻē kūʻē iā pneumonia i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka novel coronavirus. Ma ke ʻano he "laina pale mua" no ka pale pilikino pilikino, he mea nui loa ia e komo i nā makakiʻi e kū ana i nā kūlana pale pale ahulau. Mai N95, KN95 a i nā masks surgical surgical, hiki i ka poʻe maʻamau ke loaʻa i kekahi mau makapō makapō i ke koho ʻia o nā masks. Eia mākou e hōʻuluʻulu ai i nā kiko ʻike i ke kahua maʻamau e kōkua iā ʻoe e hoʻomaopopo i ka manaʻo maʻamau o nā masks.
He aha nā kūlana no nā masks?
I kēia manawa, ʻo nā kūlana nui o Kina no nā masks me GB 2626-2006 "Nā mea hana pale ʻōnaehana ponoʻī priming filter type anti-particulate respirator", GB 19083-2010 "Nā ʻenehana koi no nā pale pale pale olakino", YY 0469-2004 masks surgical ", GB / T 32610-2016" ʻ Speclelo kikoʻī kikoʻī no nā pale pale i kēlā me kēia lā ", a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, e uhi ana i ka pale o ka hana, ka palekana olakino, ka palekana kīwila a me nā māla ʻē aʻe.

GB 2626-2006 "Respiratory Protective Equipment Self-priming Filtering Anti-Particulate Respirator" i hoʻolaha ʻia e ka General General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine a me ka National Standardization Management Committee. He kūlana koi kēia no ka ʻōlelo piha a ua hoʻokō ʻia ma ka lā 1 o Kēkēmapa 2006. ʻO nā mea pale i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i loko o ka hae me nā ʻano kikoʻī a pau, e laʻa me ka lepo, ka uahi, ka noe a me nā microorganism. Hoʻonohonoho ia i ka hana a me nā kikoʻī kikoʻī o nā pono hana pale hanu, a me nā mea, ke ʻano, ka helehelena, ka hana ʻana, a me ka maikaʻi o ka kānana ʻana o nā huna huna lepo (ka nui o ke kūpaʻa o ka lepo), ke kū ʻana o ka hanu, nā ʻano hoʻāʻo, ka ʻike huahana, ka hoʻopili ʻana, a pēlā aku. nā koina.

GB 19083-2010 "Nā Koina ʻenehana no nā Masks Protective Medical" i hoʻolaha ʻia e ka General General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine a me ka National Standardization Management Committee, a ua hoʻokō ʻia ma ʻAukake 1, 2011. Kuhi kēia maʻamau i nā koina loea, hōʻoia nā ʻano hana, nā hōʻailona a me nā ʻōkuhi no ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pale pale pale olakino, a me ka ʻūpala, ka lawe ʻana a me ka mālama ʻana. He kūpono ia no ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā wahi hana olakino e kānana i nā ʻāpana airborne a kāpae i nā droplets, ke koko, nā wai o ke kino, nā huna, a pēlā aku. Paipai ʻia ka 4.10 o ke ana, a he koena ke koena.

ʻO YY 0469-2004 "Nā Koina ʻenehana no nā Masks Surgical Medical" i hoʻolaha ʻia e ka State Food and Drug Administration ma ke ʻano he kūlana no ka ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a ua hoʻokō ʻia ma Ianuali 1, 2005. Kuhi kēia maʻamau i nā koina loea, nā hana hoʻāʻo, nā hōʻailona a me nā ʻōlelo aʻo. no ka hoʻohana ʻana, ka hoʻopili ʻana, ka halihali ʻana a me ka mālama ʻana i nā masks ʻoki lāʻau lapaʻau. Hoʻonohonoho ka maʻamau i ka pono o ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe bacteria o nā masks ʻaʻole e emi ma lalo o 95%.
GB / T 32610-2016 "Nā ʻenehana kikoʻī no nā pale pale i kēlā me kēia lā" i hoʻopuka ʻia e ka General General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine and the National Standardization Management Committee. ʻO ia ka pae ʻāina mua o koʻu ʻāina no nā masks pale kūloko a ua hoʻokō ʻia ma Nowemapa 1, 2016. ʻO ke kūlana maʻamau e pili ana i nā pono mea mask, nā pono kūkulu, nā pono e ʻike ai i nā lepili, nā pono o ka helehelena, a pēlā aku. , expiratory a me inspiratory nā mea hōʻailona kūpaʻa, a me nā hōʻailona adhesion. Pono ka maʻamau e hiki i nā masks ke palekana a pale pono i ka waha a me ka ihu, a ʻaʻole pono nā kihi ʻoi a me nā kihi e hiki ke hoʻopā. Loaʻa iā ia nā lula kikoʻī e pili ana i nā kumumea e hoʻopōʻino ai i nā kino o ke kanaka e like me formaldehyde, dyes, a me microorganism e hōʻoia i ka lehulehu e komo iā lākou. Ka palekana ke kau ʻana i nā pale pale.

He aha nā masks maʻamau?

I kēia manawa ʻo nā masks i ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia e pili pū me KN95, N95, nā pale ʻoki lāʻau lapaʻau a pēlā aku.

ʻO ka mua he mau masks KN95. Wahi a ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka pae ʻāina GB2626-2006 "ʻO nā pono pale pale Respiratory pakiko-priming filter-type anti-particulate respirator", ua mahele ʻia nā masks i KN a me KP e like me ka pae pono o ka mea kānana. Kūpono ke ʻano KP no ka kānana ʻana i nā huna aila, a kūpono hoʻi ke ʻano KN no ke kānana ʻana i nā hunaole ʻaila ʻole. I waena o lākou, ke ʻike ʻia ka mask KN95 me nā hunaahi sodium chloride, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o kāna kānana ma mua a i ʻole 95%, ʻo ia hoʻi, ka maikaʻi o ka kānana o nā huna ʻole ʻaila ma luna o 0.075 microns ʻoi aku a i ʻole 95%.

ʻO ka mask N95 kekahi o nā ʻeiwa pale pale ʻelima i hōʻoia ʻia e NIOSH (National Institute of Occupational Safe and Health). "N" ʻaʻole ia e pale aku i ka aila. "95" ʻo ia hoʻi ke hōʻike ʻia i kahi helu kikoʻī o nā huna ho'āʻo kūikawā, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka huna o ka huna i loko o ka mask ma mua o 95% haʻahaʻa ma mua o ka huna huna i waho o ka mask.

Aia kekahi mask ma ka "Pin Word Mark"?

Ma Nowemapa 9, 2018, ka T / ZZB 0739-2018 "Civilian Fume Respirator" hoʻomohala ʻia e Jiande Chaomei Daily Chemical Co., Ltd. i hoʻokuʻu ʻia e ka Zhejiang Brand Construction Association.
Hoʻonohonoho ʻia nā mea ʻike loea nui o kēia maʻamau e like me nā ʻano hana huahana, e nānā iā GB / T 32610-2016 "Hōʻike ʻenehana no nā Masks Protective Daily", i hui pū ʻia me GB2626-2006 "Self-priming Filtered Particle Respirators", GB19083-2010 " ʻO nā Kūlana Pilikino Lapaʻau e like me Masks, US NIOSH "Masks Protective" a me European Union EN149 "Masks Protective" hoʻohana nui ʻia i nā wahi o ka pale ʻana o ka hanu i nā loulou me nā concentrations oily particulate kiʻekiʻe (e like me nā lumi kuke a me nā wahi barbecue). Hōʻike ka maʻamau i ka pono o ka filtration o nā ʻāpana aila ma mua o 90%, a ʻo nā mea i koe e pili ana i ka hoʻokō ʻana i nā kūlana A-pae o nā mākala civila a me nā kūlana o nā pale pale aila e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ai i ka ʻaila ma ʻEulopa a me ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, a e hoʻokau i nā koina kiʻekiʻe aʻe no ka liu, ke kū ʻana o ka hanu, nā anakahi microbial, a me ka pH. Hoʻohui ʻia i ke koi no ka loiloi hypersensitivity lohi.

Nui a hewahewa nā pale pale me nā paukū non-aila KN90 \ KN95 i ka mākeke. ʻO nā masks pale pale KP-ʻano kiʻekiʻe ke kūpaʻa kiʻekiʻe loa, a ʻo kā lākou aesthetics a me ka hōʻoluʻolu he ʻelua pale pale hana ʻoihana, he paʻakikī e hoʻokō i nā pono o kēlā me kēia lā o ka poʻe.

ʻO ke kau ʻana o nā kūlana no nā masks fume aila kīwila i hana maikaʻi i ke olakino o nā kānaka. No ka hapanui o nā limahana o ka lumi kuke, kōkua ka hoʻokumu ʻana o kēia maʻamau i ke koho ʻana i nā pono hana pale no kā lākou wahi e hana nei.

A laila aia nā masks ʻoki lāʻau lapaʻau. Wahi a ka wehewehe ʻana o YY 0469-2004 "Nā Koina ʻenehana no nā Masks Surgical Medical", ua "komo ʻia nā masks surgical surgical e nā limahana lapaʻau lapaʻau i loko o kahi wahi hana hoʻoweliweli, e hāʻawi i ka pale no nā mea maʻi e hana ana i nā lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā limahana lapaʻau e hana nei i nā hana hoʻouka, a pale ʻO nā masks ʻoki lāʻau lapaʻau i pāhola ʻia e ke koko, nā wai a me nā pāheʻe he mask i uhi ʻia e nā limahana lapaʻau i ka hana. Hoʻohana ʻia kēia ʻano mask i nā wahi olakino e like me nā keʻena maʻi, nā keʻena hoʻokolohua, a me nā keʻena hana, a hoʻokaʻawale ʻia i kahi papa wai ʻole, kahi kānana kānana, a me kahi ʻoluʻolu hōʻoluʻolu mai waho a i loko.

Koho ʻepekema o nā mākaki

Wahi a nā loea, ma waho o ka hāʻawi ʻana i kahi pale kūpono, pono nō hoʻi e komo i nā makakiʻi e noʻonoʻo i ka ʻoluʻolu o ka mea lawe a mai lawe i nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole e like me nā pōʻino olaola. ʻO ka ʻōlelo maʻamau, ʻo ke kiʻekiʻe o ka hana pale o kahi pale maka, ʻo ka nui o ka hopena i ka hana hōʻoluʻolu. Ke komo ka poʻe i ka pale maka a me ka inhale, loaʻa i ka pale maka kekahi kūpaʻa i ke kahe o ka ea. Ke nui a nui ke kūpale ʻana o ka inhalation, e luʻuluʻu kekahi poʻe, paʻa i ka umauma a me nā discomforts ʻē aʻe.

Loaʻa i nā poʻe ʻokoʻa nā ʻoihana like ʻole a me nā ʻano, no laila he ʻokoʻa ko lākou mau koi no ka sila, pale, hōʻoluʻolu, a me ka hiki ke hoʻololi ʻia o nā masks. ʻO kekahi mau heluna kūikawā, e like me nā keiki, nā ʻelemākule, a me ka poʻe me nā maʻi hanu a me nā maʻi maʻi ʻōpū, pono e koho pono i ke ʻano o nā masks. Ma ke kumu o ka hōʻoia ʻana i ka palekana, pale i nā pōpilikia e like me hypoxia a me ka dizziness ke kau iā lākou no ka manawa lōʻihi.

ʻO ka mea hope loa, e hoʻomanaʻo i nā mea āpau i kēlā me kēia ʻano o nā masks, pono e lawelawe pono ʻia ma hope o ka hoʻohana ʻana i mea e lilo ai i kumu hou o ka maʻi. Hoʻomaʻamaʻa mau i kekahi mau masks hou a hoʻololi iā lākou i ka manawa e kūkulu i ka lālani pale mua no ka pale olakino. Makemake au iā ʻoukou i ke olakino maikaʻi!

E like me nā ʻoihana

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Jiande Chaomei Daily Chemical Co., Ltd. ma 1996. ʻO ka ʻoihana kahi ʻoihana ʻenehana kiʻekiʻe e loea i ka noiʻi a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana a me ka hana ʻana i nā huahana pale hanu. ʻO ia hoʻi kahi papa hana mua home-papa holomua holomua-proof Chinese PPE ʻoihana hana o nā masks. , ʻO ia kekahi o nā hui kūloko mua i hana i kēia kahua. Loaʻa i ka ʻoihana kahi ʻāpana o 42,000 mau mika kūlike. I kēia manawa, loaʻa i ka ʻoihana kahi mana hana makahiki o ka ʻoi aku o 400 miliona mau masks ʻoihana. I ka makahiki 2003, e like me nā ʻōkuhi a ka National Development and Reform Commission, ua hāʻawi aku ʻo Kōlea ʻĀkau ʻĀkau i ka pale no ka haukapila ʻo Beijing Xiaotangshan, ka haukapila ʻo Ditan, ka haukapila maʻi maʻi ʻo Beijing, PLA General Logistics Department, 302 a me 309 China-Japan Friendship Hospitals a me ka National. ʻO nā masks Reserve Center Emergency Material Reserve "SARS".

I mea e kaua kūʻē ai i kēia ʻano hou o ka coronavirus pneumonia, Kōlea ʻĀkau a me ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i hoʻomanaʻo koke ai i nā limahana e pili ana me nā manawa ʻekolu o kā lākou uku e hāʻawi i ka mea ʻoi loa ka mana no nā mea hakakā e hakakā nei ma ka laina mua. Ua mahalo ʻia e nā poʻo inoa o CCTV News Network!

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E hoʻomaikaʻi no kahi ʻoihana "huaʻōlelo huaʻōlelo" kolohe, a hauʻoli hoʻi no nā mea hakakā e hakakā nei ma ka laina mua. Hoʻoikaika ka poʻe o ka ʻāina i ko lākou hilinaʻi, kōkua i kekahi i kekahi, hoʻākoakoa i ka poʻe holoʻokoʻa, a pale a kāohi i ka maʻi ahulau. E lanakila nō mākou i kēia kaua kūʻē i ka maʻi ahulau.

ʻLelo aʻoaʻo

I kēia mau lā, ua hōʻike koke ʻia ʻo Zhejiang Provincial Institute of Standardization ma mua o 20 mau pae honua, nā ʻāina ʻē, nā ʻāina, nā ʻoihana a me nā kūlana kūloko no nā pono o ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ahulau a me nā kūlana hoʻomalu e pili ana i nā pale pale pale olakino, nā lole pale olakino, nā mea pale pale olakino, a pēlā aku. kūʻai a lawe mai Ua alakaʻi ʻo ia i nā ʻoihana e hana i nā masks a me nā huahana pale ʻē aʻe e pili ana e hāʻawi i ke kākoʻo loea ʻoihana loea, e kōkua ikaika i ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ka maikaʻi o ka pale ahulau a me nā huahana kaohi, a hoʻonā i ka pilikia o ka nele i nā lako olakino.


Ka manawa Post: ʻAuk-31-2020